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October, 2019

PC gaming? The rumors of its death are highly exaggerated

It seems like a lot of attention is focused on console gaming these days, and for many companies, that's where the easy money is. The problem with this focus is that it limits your audience; a more casual game that requires little in the way of hardware power can tap into the largest market in the world: the non-enthusiast PC. Everyone has one in the home, and while we don't all have $300 video cards, it's not hard to find a game or two that will run on modest systems. Of course, if you're willing to spend the money, the PC is also the most powerful gaming platform on the market. It's an adaptive system for games, and therein lies its strength. The New York Times just took a look at the new popularity of PC gaming, focusing on this two-pronged attack. HangZhou Night Net

Anita Frazier, an industry analyst for the NPD Group, a market research firm, noted that in the first two months of 2007, domestic retail sales of PC games reached $203 million, a 48 percent increase over the $136.8 million in the period a year earlier. She noted that these figures do not include revenue generated by PC game sales online, or online subscriptions to play PC games.

“Yes, it does look like a fluke, doesn’t it?” Ms. Frazier said. “Rest assured it’s not.”

World of Warcraft and RPGs are doing a lot to fuel this trend, and Microsoft is pushing their Games for Windows initiative to make PC games more visible at retail and easier to run via Vista. Hook up the 360 controller and you have an experience that's very console-like, in fact. Add to that Microsoft's plan to bring Live to the PC and you have a strong push to get customers back into PC gaming.

PC gaming always has its ups and downs, but it's nice to see the mainstream media take note of one of the upswings.

The hunt for the rarest Pok?mon of all: the game itself

I'm ashamed to admit that I had almost completely forgotten about a monumental event. The first full Pokémon title for the DS and the nearly-guaranteed million copy seller had launched on Sunday and I was oblivious, leaving me without a preorder. Needing to grab a copy for the upcoming review, I was left with little choice but to begin an adventure of epic proportions to scour local retailers for a copy of the game. HangZhou Night Net

I instantly started to ring up the local Electronics Boutiques. At store after store I was shot down, laughed at, and immediately rejected: there was nary a free copy of the game to be found. Most of the EBs told me the same thing: all they got were their preorders shipment. The number of preorders was staggering: one store had even remarked that they'd already handed out almost 100 copies between yesterday and today. The Pokémon money-making machine was in full effect, and it appeared that I was to go without my fix of the little critters for at least a week.

And so the hunt began. As though I were the mother of a crying child, I couldn't accept defeat at the hands of EB, and so I left to traverse the entire greater metropolitan Toronto area. Circuit City, Zellers, Walmart, The Source, Microplay, Futureshop, and countless mom-and-pop game stores: no one could provide me with the drug I so fiendishly sought. A 22-year-old man rapt by the whims of small imaginary creatures; the sting of each denial of the product was second only to the strange looks and laughs that my dedication to the creatures had rendered. Everywhere I went, stares followed. "It's for you?" they'd question, to which I would reluctantly reply, "Yes." Upon leaving the third local Walmart, I finally decided to just give up and admit defeat: I'd missed my chance for Poké-glory.

As I drove home in somber silence, I noted a Best Buy along the way. With but a glimmer of hope still left in my mind, I decided to throw caution to the wind and veered into the parking lot. I approached the automatic doors of my destiny with hesitation. Carefully and slowly, I wandered through the fearful aisles of the mega-store until I fell upon the game section. And there it was: shining in all its diamond glory, one final copy of Pokémon Diamond. Hand quaking with anticipation, I reached forward, plucked the title from its nesting place and ran to the counter as though I were a four-year-old boy. Glory was mine, as soon would be every trainer badge in the city.

Through rain, sleet and hail of the Canadian mock-spring, I returned home. I've now chosen my starting Pokémon—Turtwig—and my adventure is about to begin. Next time you hear from me, I'll be a Poké-master. Keep your eyes out for the full review in two days. Until then, wish me luck: it's time Poké-battle.

Will Leopard usher in the era of Blu-ray?

Over at Spymac Michael Simon retells the story of high-definition video on the Mac, starting with Steve Jobs' proclamation that 2005 would be the "year of HD." HangZhou Night Net

Apple's video editing software, even at the low end in the form of iMovie, has had HD support for some years. DVD Player (mysteriously not updated a week ago along with the rest of the Final Cut Studio suite) will play HD content burned to regular DVD media and DVD Studio Pro will even author HD DVD projects, but no Blu-ray so far, even though Apple is on the board of directors of the Blu-ray Disc Association. In the Spymac article, Michael Simon speculates that the delayed Leopard release could pave the way for Blu-ray compatible Macs by the end of the year:

And now, as it becomes increasingly clear that iLife's delay is directly related to Leopard's, I expect to see a late fall event to usher in native Blu-ray support in OS X, along with an internal drive option for the iMac and MacBook Pro, at the very least. Rather than relegating Blu-ray to the most expensive Mac, like Apple did with the SuperDrive, I think the lower-end models will get the next-generation optical drives first, as Apple looks to bring high-end video production to masses.

He talks about HD video production, not consumption. But are consumers going to be interested in the ability to burn their own projects to expensive Blu-ray discs when players for these discs are still sparse? Also, HD cameras are still priced well above what the average consumer is prepared to pay to film the kids' antics. There are three problems with Blu-ray and HD DVD that could have something to do with why Apple hasn't offered any HD drives yet.

    Price and availability: last year, Sony couldn't supply as many PS3s as it wanted to, because the blue lasers that power Blu-ray (and HD DVD) were in short supply. Currently, the drives are still expensive.DRM: playing back Hollywood content from an HD disc requires heavy DRM, including HDCP protection of the DVI or HDMI link to the display, which Apple's computers and displays do not yet support.The format war: Blu-ray is gaining ground on HD DVD in the US, but HD DVD is doing better in Europe. There is still no clear winner.

However, each of these problems could be reduced in scope by the time that we have Leopard in our hands. Prices going down is a given; Intel's new GMA3000 graphics chips support HDCP, and Blu-ray is outselling HD DVD (in the US). But what Apple's strategy is going to be will be hard to predict. They could adopt the ability to burn HD discs across the board, but I expect this will cut into their margins too much for the lower-end Macs. Being able to play HD discs across the board with burners in the higher-end models would be a sensible alternative. Or if the situation with price, DRM and the format war doesn't improve enough, Apple may only offer the ability to burn and read HD discs—without being able to play protected content—as a built-to-order or external option. This would be good enough for those of us who author HD projects or burn massive amounts of data to optical discs.

Fujitsu debuts e-paper tablet device (updated)

At some point, I'm going to write my very last e-paper/e-ink article for Ars. After almost a decade of thin, flexible, low-power displays being "three to five years away," I can finally see that the time for e-paper's mass-market debut is almost upon us. A case in point is Fujitsu's new FLEPia portable tablet, samples of which are now available in limited supply as of this past Friday. HangZhou Night Net

FLEPia boasts an array of impressive features, starting with its display. The device is based on Fujitsu's e-paper technology, a technology that the company announced over two years ago. In a nutshell, Fujitsu's e-paper works by sandwiching a thin layer of liquid crystal between two sheets of plastic. The application of an electrical charge causes a pixel of the liquid crystal to change states from clear to opaque, with the result that multi-pixel displays require energy only when the image is changed. Red, green, and blue layers of the material are fused together to make color versions of the display that can output either 8 or 4,096 colors.

This display technology, which appears as an XGA touchscreen in the FLEPia device, is backed by pretty standard PDA-level hardware: an Intel XScale processor, an 802.11b/g card, USB 2.0 support, a headphone jack, an SD card, and so on. The tablet runs Windows CE 5.0, and its battery can stand up to 50 hours of usage.

With a physical profile right out of Star Trek and a lightweight, color e-paper-based display that comes in standard paper sizes (A4 and A5), it might seem at first that FLEPia means that e-paper is now just another display technology. And if it's just another display technology, then I can quit writing about e-paper, right? Well, no.

The A5 and A4 models that were announced on Friday carry price tags of $1,264.85 and $2,107.81, respectively. According to Fujitsu, these things won't hit consumer-level price points until at least 2010, which puts them… yep, three to five years away.

Oh well. At least the Sony Reader has finally brought e-ink to the mass market. Of course, judging by reviews, the monochrome device is hobbled by a number of implementation issues that make me want to steer clear of it for the time being. Maybe by the time Sony fixes the problems to the point where they can nail the "mass" part of "mass market," Fujitsu or someone else will be further along with a potential competitor.

Update: The price originally quoted was for lots of ten, and not individual units. This was by all accounts clearly marked on the Japanese press release, but not being a reader of Japanese I didn’t catch it. The correct prices have now been included.

H. pylori infection might protect against asthma

The topic of H. pylori and ulcers is one we've covered a few times here at Nobel Intent. Back in 2005, an antipodean duo received a Nobel Prize for their work that showed that this bacteria could cause ulcers, and more recently there has been work that has shown that H. pylori has been with us since our earliest days as humans. HangZhou Night Net

Now, a new paper published in the Archives of Internal Medicine* has identified a putative new role for this bug, and it's a beneficial one. H. pylori infection is endemic across the developing world but not so in the industrialized nations, and its prevalence in this group of countries decreases with each generation.

Gastroeosophogeal reflux disease (GERD) is on the increase in the developed world, as is asthma. There is also a link between them; asthma patients are twice as likely to suffer from GERD as non-asthmtics, and it's believed that the stomach acid causes lung injury. It might not seem obvious, but H. pylori infection is actually thought to be protective against developing GERD.

This new study utilizes data collected from the Third National Health Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), which ran from 1988-1994 and included around 40,000 individuals. The researchers at the New York University School of Medicine looked for patients that tested positive for H. pylori, and for the more virulent strain, known as CagA. They found that there was an inverse correlation between H. pylori infection and asthma prevalence, with this link being strongest for those who had the CagA strain; they were 20 percent less likely to have ever been diagnosed with asthma than uninfected individuals. The study also identified a link between H. pylori and protection against sensitivity to allergens, another factor involved in asthma.

Additional studies are required to elucidate the mechanism behind a protective role for H. pylori in asthma, but it's certainly an intriguing notion.

*Arch Intern Med. 2007;167:821-827.